At the conference on genetics Oxford Nanopore Technologies was presented the first generation micro devices, DNA sequencing, which, according to the predictions of analysts, ultimately, will be as ubiquitous as cell phones.
Since the first sequencing of the human genome was completed in 2003 and cost the developers of two billion dollars, speed, price and accuracy of the technology by the end of 2013 has improved significantly. Illumina Inc. lowered their price for individual reading and sequencing the DNA of up to$ 5,000; earlier this year, Life Technologies has introduced a program of sequencing a human genome for$ 1000. Surprisingly, the smallest unit for this purpose has now the table size.
The DNA molecules are extremely long and complex; this makes them difficult to read and poorly subject to decoding. Still even the Oxford located in the UK, has published the results of sequencing the viral genome with the use of such technology. Statistics also States that program sequencing can analyze much larger volume of the human genome at a much lower cost.
Amit Meller, associate Professor at Boston University, academic Advisor at Oxford and co-founder of the Department of biological Sciences is working on another prototype device. According to the Professor, the spacecraft would have used fluorescence signals for reading the information about human DNA. His device is still in the stage of initial development, i.e. has the form of a prototype device, but Dr. Moeller said that the aim of research is to accelerate the process of ordering. As a result, according to the forecasts of the Professor, the results of operation of the device for reading human DNA will be available in a few hours, granted in this procedure only a hundred dollars.
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